Addiction to substances is a menace threatening to ruin millions of lives across the globe. The good news, however, is that there are clear-cut solutions on how individuals can approach such problems and eliminate them completely.
The first step towards overcoming an addiction is to acknowledge that there is indeed a substance dependency problem. After the acknowledgment of the existence of the dependency, the next step is to consciously admit to getting help then search for help from relevant places.
There are several factors usually taken into account when considering treatment for addictions. Most of the approaches adopted primarily focus on the type of substance being abused as well as its specific effects on the patients. The aim of the programs is to get the patients sober and prevent relapses from taking place and individual, group or family sessions may be used as part of the programs.
Types of Addiction Treatment Programs
Depending on the level of addiction, the behavior of the patient and the substance which the patient is addicted to, the following are some of the types of the programs which may be considered for addiction treatment-:
Psychotherapy may involve one-to-one or family sessions between the patient and the specialist. Psychotherapy sessions are organized to help the patient cope with cravings, avoid the substance in question, and deal with the possibility of relapses. Involvement of the patient’s family in psychotherapy sessions is greatly encouraged since it increases the probability of positive outcomes.
As a mode of treating addiction problems, self-help groups are immensely useful in helping patients meet with other people suffering from similar addiction problems. It works wonders in boosting the patient’s motivation to overcome the addiction, besides being a good source for education and information on how to overcome the addiction. Examples of self-help groups for treatment for addiction include Narcotics Anonymous and Alcoholic Anonymous.
Help with Withdrawal Symptoms
Addicts need help with withdrawal symptoms so that they can get rid of the addictive substance from their systems as fast as possible. In some cases, the addict is given gradually reduced dosage of the substance or it is substituted with another one. Depending on the substance, as well as some other factors, the specialist may recommend inpatient or outpatient care to help the addict deal with the withdrawal symptoms.
The following are some of the withdrawal treatments options available depending on the substance the patient is addicted to:
Addiction to stimulants – withdrawal treatment for patients addicted to stimulants focuses on providing support in dealing with symptoms such as moodiness, depression, tiredness, anxiety, sleep disturbance, low enthusiasm and low concentration. If the depression is severe, the doctor may prescribe a medication.
Addiction to depressants – addiction to depressants may include dependence on benzodiazepines and barbiturates. The common withdrawals symptoms to such patients include sweating and restlessness, insomnia and anxiety. In severe cases, hallucinations, tremors, whole body tremors, and hypertension may be experienced.
Addictions to opioids – Opioids are drugs prescribed due to their painkilling properties. They contain substances such as morphine, oxycodone, codeine, and methadone. Typical withdrawal symptoms for opioids include stuffy nose, sweating, and anxiety. In serious cases, insomnia, diarrhea, and hypertension may be experienced. In dealing with such symptoms, the specialist may prescribe buprenorphine, methadone or alternative substances to help the addicts cope with the symptoms.